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<div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="right"> <div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="sitemp clearfix"> <h2>详细信息</h2> <div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="site"> 您的当前位置?a href='http://yxurla.com/'>主页</a> > <a href='/news/'>新闻中心</a> > <a href='/trade/'>行业新闻</a> > </div> </div> <div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="content"> <div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="container1"> <div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="content1"> <h3>成都防水施工如何预防渗漏?/h3> <h6>来源:未?发表时间?021-08-17</h6> <div class="container2" id="zoom"> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">随着当前我国建筑行业的火速发展,其数量正在逐步增多,这种数量的增多不可避免的就会产生各种建筑事故,其中渗漏问题可以说是比较常见的一种问题,在建筑工程中发生渗漏问题的原因有很多,下面就结合自身的工作经验重点探讨一下其发生的原因和主要的预防和治理措施?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">一、渗漏现象:屋面山墙、女儿墙泛水处渗漏?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">原因分析?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)材料收头构造不合理,卷材张口没有订牢,封口处未用密封材料密封或封闭不严?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)女儿墙压顶板抹灰层开裂,雨水沿墙面进入;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3)砌眉砖抹灰层开裂或后浇混凝土挑檐开裂?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">砖砌女儿墙高度较低时,卷材收头可直接铺至女儿墙压顶下,用金属压条钉压固定,并用密封材料封闭严密,压顶上部抹灰放坡端部抹鹰嘴滴水?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">二、存在问题:屋面水落口处渗漏?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">原因分析?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)返坡;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)水落口安装不牢,嵌缝不严,未做密封处理?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3)防水层和附加层做法不正确?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)水落口安装时位置、标高、坡向要正确。标高不得过高也不宜过低。水落口标高应考虑排水坡度和找平层、保温层、防水层等的厚度?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)水落口安装时与女儿墙或屋面板四周应用细石砼(掺膨胀剂)嵌填密实,安装牢固;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3)水落口周围直径500mm范围内坡度不应小?%,水落口与基层接触处,应留宽20mm,深20mm凹槽,嵌填密封材料?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">三、存在问题:屋面变形缝(双墙变形缝、高低跨度变形缝)处漏水?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">原因分析?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)屋面变形缝构造做法未按设计要求施工;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)屋面变形缝预制砼压顶板接缝处未用密封材料嵌缝或因抹灰开裂;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3)金属压顶板搭接处焊缝开焊?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)屋面变形缝应按设计要求认真施工,同时满足变形及膨胀的要求,见下图;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)预制砼压顶板每块接缝处做好嵌填密封膏,抹灰时做好泛水找坡;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3)采用镀锌钢板压顶时,接缝处应卷边搭接或焊接牢固。当变形缝与女儿墙相交处,金属板要交圈?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">四、存在问题:伸出屋面管道根部渗漏?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">原因分析?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)出屋面管道根部与找平层未留20×20mm凹槽嵌填密封材料?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)防水附加层做法不细?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3)卷材防水上部收头未加套箍,卷材老化开裂剥离?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)伸出屋面管道周围的找平层应抹成圆锥台,管道与找平层间应?0×20mm凹槽,并用密封材料填塞密实;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)管根卷材附加层必须严格按工艺要施工,两层附加层,其中一层的一半剪成条状与基层粘贴,另一半卷上管根部(高度大?50mm),搭接不少?00mm,另一附加层压在锯齿上将缝隙遮挡;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">3?防水卷材收头必须加金属套箍箍紧,并用密封材料封严?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">五、存在问题:屋面防水层楼角部位(阴阳角),防水层破坏造成渗漏?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">原因分析?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)防水层阴阳角处由于热应力集中的变形较大,阴阳角处防水层往往先于大面积防水层提前破损,致使屋面渗漏;</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)防水附加层施工未符合规范要求?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1)防水层阴阳角找平屋应按设计要求做成圆弧或倒角?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">2)防水卷材在阴阳角加做附加层,附加层宽度按设计规定,一般为500mm左右,采用全粘实铺为主。附加层也可采用防水材料加网格布涂刷?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">六、存在问题及原因分析:地下室基础为桩基础的,由于桩头防水处理不好,造成底板渗水?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">桩头防水处理:桩头钢筋用止水带密封,桩伸入承台为50㎜,桩顶及桩?50㎜一圈做2㎜厚防水涂料,桩顶及桩外300㎜一圈用防水砂浆压实抹光,卷材与桩一周接缝处用聚氨脂封闭严实?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">七、存在问题及原因分析:地下室做卷材防水时,卷材搭接不够,阴阳角附加层做的不规矩,这些部位容易造成破坏,致使漏水?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">施工过程严格按照规范要求操作,保证搭接尺寸,在防水搭接头收头粘贴后可用火焰或抹子沿搭接缝边缘再行均匀加热抹压封严,或用密封材料沿缝封严,宽度不小?0mm?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">八、存在问题及原因分析:地下室底板结构复杂,卷材防水施工时,卷材施工不到位,造成底板漏水?/span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">预控措施或方法:</span></span></div> <div> <span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size:16px;">重点加强集水坑、电梯井坑、底板高低差位置的阴阳角的处理,为了保证卷材做到位,这些位置均应抹成八字面,卷材附加层做到位后,经检查合格后,开始大面积做防水卷材。从混凝土底板下面甩出的卷材可空铺贴在永久墙上,超出永久保护墙部位的卷材不铺实,用附加保护膜包裹压在基础底板上面,待基础施工完毕后撕去保护膜再刷聚合物铺实在地下室外墙上?/span></span></div> </div> <div id="5twpfnsh3z" class="pad"> <div 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